,

Inkqubo yemfundo e-DRC, kwi-Democratic Republic of the Congo

KwiDemocratic Republic of the Congo, imfundo yamabanga aphantsi inokuthabatha iminyaka emithandathu. Isikolo samabanga aphakamileyo sinokuthatha ukuya kutsho kwiminyaka emithandathu ukugqiba. Bonke abafundi kufuneka bagqibe iimviwo zesizwe ekupheleni kwesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo.

Inkqubo yemfundo e-DRC, iDemocratic Republic of the Congo

Imfundo ithatha iminyaka eli-12 e-Democratic Republic of the Congo, okanye e-DRC, e-DR Congo, okanye e-Congo-Kinshasa, Oko kususela ekuqaleni kwesikolo samabanga aphantsi ukuya ekupheleni kwemfundo yasesekondari.

Unyaka wesikolo uqala ngoSeptemba uze uphele ngoJuni. Iiyunivesithi, ziqala unyaka wazo wezifundo ngo-Okthobha kwaye ziwugqibe ngoJulayi. Ikhosi nganye eyunivesithi ithatha unyaka wokufunda omnye.

Inkqubo yemfundo yaseDRC ithanda izikolo zaseprayimari. Kwizikolo zaseprayimari, iikhosi ezingezizo ezomfundo zithathe indawo yokuqala kunezifundo zemfundo. Iikharityhulam zezikolo eziziisekondari zizifundiswa ngokwendalo. I-DRC ifuna ukwenza ikharityhulamu yesikolo ibe ye-Afrika ngakumbi. Bafuna ukufundisa ngakumbi ngembali yasekuhlaleni nenkcubeko. Kwaye kananjalo ukukhuthaza ukufundwa kweelwimi zesiNtu. Abafundi basakulangazelela ukufunda isiFrentshi nesiNgesi ukuze baziphucule. Iimodeli zezikolo zaseBelgium naseFransi zinefuthe kwikharityhulam yesikolo yase-DRC.

Izikolo zisebenzisa iilwimi zasekuhlaleni njengolwimi lokufundisa, ngakumbi kumabanga aphantsi. Abo banokuba ngomnye wezona zine ezinkulu: isiKikongo, isiLingala, isiTshiluba kunye nesiSwahili. Kodwa enye yeelwimi ezihlala amakhulu eDR Congo. IsiFrentshi lulwimi olusemthethweni lokufundisa, ngakumbi kwisikolo samabanga aphantsi.

Isikolo saphambi kwesikolo

I-Kindergarten yiminyaka emibini e-DRC. Yiminyaka ukusuka kwi-3 ukuya kwi-5 yeminyaka ubudala.

Isikolo samabanga aphantsi

E-DR Congo, kwisikolo samabanga aphantsi, umyinge weminyaka yokungena esikolweni yiminyaka emi-5 enesiqingatha. Kukho amabanga amathandathu kwimfundo yaseprayimari. Kukho iiklasi ezimbini zokulungiselela, iiklasi ezimbini zamabanga aphantsi, kunye neeklasi ezimbini eziphakathi.

Kumabanga aphakathi

Isikolo samabanga aphakamileyo sinokuthatha ukuya kwiminyaka emihlanu okanye emithandathu ukugqiba. Isikolo samabanga aphakamileyo sinokuba yinto eqhelekileyo okanye yobugcisa. Iminyaka emihlanu yeyesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo sobugcisa. Iminyaka emithandathu yeyesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo ngokubanzi. Bobabini bahlukana baba ngamanqanaba amabini eminyaka. Inqanaba elisezantsi liyiminyaka emibini ubude kubafundi ukusuka kwi-12 ukuya kwi-14 leminyaka ubudala. Inqanaba eliphezulu liyiminyaka emine ubude kubafundi ukusuka kwi-14 ukuya kwi-17 leminyaka ubudala okanye ukuya kwi-18 leminyaka ubudala.

Ukuze bamkelwe eyunivesithi, abafundi bezikolo zasesekondari kufuneka baphumelele iimviwo zesizwe, okanye “diplôme d’etat”. Kufuneka bapase ngamanqaku angama-50 ekhulwini. Bakuba bebhalise eyunivesithi, abafundi kufuneka baphumelele iimviwo zokuphela konyaka. Eso sisincoko kwisihloko ngasinye esithathiweyo, kunye noviwo lomlomo. Ukuba abafundi bayasilela, banokuphinda bathathe ikhosi ngokuhlala kuyo unyaka owongezelelweyo. Umfundi wasekholejini kufuneka abhale kwaye akhusele ithisisi ukuze afumane ilayisensi.

Imfundo yezobugcisa

Abafundi banokusuka kwisikolo samabanga aphantsi baye kwizikolo zobugcisa endaweni yesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo. Benza oko ngenxa yeminqweno yabo kunye nokusebenza kwezemfundo. Banokuthatha inxaxheba ukuya kuthi ga kwiinkqubo zeminyaka emi-5 kurhwebo oluninzi kunye nemisebenzi yezandla. Ekugqibeleni, baya kufumana isiqinisekiso se-brevet.

Injani imfundo e-DRC?

Umgangatho wemfundo uphakathi. Oku kukwangenxa yeemeko abafunda phantsi kwazo aba bafundi. Kodwa ngaphezu kwako konke oku kungenxa yeziqinisekiso zootitshala. Bambalwa kakhulu kwinani labafundi. Abaqeqeshwanga kakuhle kwaye bahlawulwa kancinci. Ootitshala abaninzi baseCongo banentsilelo ecacileyo phantse kuzo zonke izifundo.

Abafundi abahlanu kwabathandathu kwizikolo zaseprayimari abakwazi ukufunda umbhalo olula wesiFrentshi. Oko kuya kusiba mbi ngakumbi ezilalini. Inye kuphela inkwenkwe kwabalishumi ekwaziyo ukufunda ngesiFrentshi. Kwaye intombazana enye kuphela kwabalishumi elinesibini inokufunda ngesiFrentshi.

Ngaba amantombazana aya esikolweni e-DR Congo?

Amantombazana amancinci amaninzi aphuma esikolweni ekupheleni kwesikolo saseprayimari nakwiminyaka yokuqala yomjikelezo wesibini. Isiqingatha samantombazana angaphantsi kweminyaka eli-19 ubudala siyayeka isikolo. Oko kungenxa yomtshato wokuqala kunye nokukhulelwa kwangaphambili kunye nokukhulelwa okungafunwayo,

Ngaba isikolo simahla e-DRC?

Hayi, nokuba isikolo sasimahla yinjongo karhulumente waseDRC. I-DRC ayikakwazi ukubonelela ngemfundo yaseprayimari yehlabathi jikelele. Umndilili weefizi zesikolo zonyaka ngomntwana ngamnye usukela kwi-$25 ukuya kwi-$35 kwisikolo samabanga aphantsi kwaye ukusuka kwi-30 yeedola ukuya kwi-50 yeedola kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo. Imali ngumqobo obalulekileyo ekufumaneni imfundo. Abazali bahlawula inxalenye enkulu yemali yokufunda yomntwana.

Lithini izinga lokufunda eDemocratic Republic of Congo?

Abantu abathathu kwabane baseCongo abaneminyaka engaphezu kwe-15 bayakwazi ukufunda nokubhala. Izinga lokufunda liphezulu kumadoda kwaye lisezantsi kwabasetyhini. Amadoda alithoba kwalishumi aseDRC ayakwazi ukufunda nokubhala. Ngoxa kuphela amabhinqa angama-67 ekhulwini, amathandathu okanye asixhenxe kwalishumi, akwazi ukufunda nokubhala.


Imithombo: IYunivesithi yaseDemocratic Congo Educational System, MeridiE imfundo en rdc,

Umfanekiso wecove ukwindawo ethile eBinza, eKinshasa, kwiDemocratic Republic of the Congo. Ifoto ngu Kaysha on Unsplash

izimvo

Shiya uluvo ukuba unazo naziphi na iingcebiso okanye amava anokuba luncedo kumntu wonke.
Kulumkele ukushiya iinkcukacha zakho esidlangalaleni.

Singuye iqela lamavolontiya, kwaye asifane siphendule kwizimvo apha.

Ndiyacela Qhagamshelana nathi ukuba unemibuzo okanye ufuna uncedo.

Impendulo enye "kwinkqubo yemfundo e-DRC, kwiDemocratic Republic of the Congo"

  1. chiedo se potete trovare materiale anche in francese.
    vi chiedo se possiamo aiutare un amico congolese che in Congo è stato nominato direttore all interno del ministero dell' istruzione. Ha capacità organizzative ma non è un politico e forse è meglio così. Ngaba ndiyifumene phi ingcaciso engakumbi? Thinka che l analfabetismo in Congo è altissimo e le risorse economiche scarse. Praticamente come l Italia prima delle grandi guerre. Lui è stato mandato in trasferta all interno del Paese x verrificare l andamento delle scuole e grazie al suo lavoro è stato promosso direttore al ministero. Grazie.
    PS: sono un cooperante volontario per Smile Mission and ho conosciuto Marcel Bokoko e grazie a lui abbiamo realizzato una piccolo struttura sanitaria e Kinshasa

Shiya iMpendulo

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. amasimi ezifunekayo ziphawulwa *